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Published in: Education. Full Name Comment goes here. The gods of Egypt.

Egyptian Pantheon

LXXVI : 5— Biblica, Inc. Wallis An Egyptian hieroglyphic dictionary in two volumes, with an index of English words, king list and geographical list with indexes, list of hieroglyphic characters, Coptic and Semitic alphabets. New York: Cosimo Classics. An Egyptian hieroglyphic dictionary s. New York. Retrieved 20 July British Museum.

Archived from the original on 17 April Retrieved 17 April Retrieved Ancient Egyptian religion. Dedi Djadjaemankh Rededjet Ubaoner. Book Ancient Egypt portal. Categories : Egyptian deities Ancient Egypt-related lists Lists of deities. Namespaces Article Talk. He was said to have killed two serpents and entwined them on a staff as a symbol of his power; this image borrowed from the Sumerians , actually was passed on to the Greeks who associated it with their god Hermes and called it the caduceus.

In the modern day, the caduceus is frequently confused with the Rod of Asclepius in iconography related to the medical profession. Heryshaf - A fertility god depicted as a man with the head of a ram. He is an ancient god going back to the Early Dynastic Period c. He was later associated with Atum Ra and Osiris who absorbed his qualities.

Heset - Goddess of food and drink associated with beer and enjoyment. She was an early goddess of Egypt depicted as a cow with a tray of food on her horns and milk flowing freely from her udders.

Terms & Concepts

Beer was referred to as "the milk of Heset". She was later absorbed into Hathor. She was part of the Triad of Heliopolis along with Mnevis and Anubis. Hetepes-Sekhus - A personification of the Eye or Ra who appears as a cobra goddess in the afterlife and destroys the enemies of Osiris. She is depicted in the company of crocodiles. Horus - An early avian god who became one of the most important deities in ancient Egypt. Associated with the sun, sky, and power, Horus became linked with the king of Egypt as early as the First Dynasty c.

Although the name 'Horus' might refer to a number of avian deities it principally designates two: Horus the Elder, one of the first five gods born at the beginning of creation, and Horus the Younger who was the son of Osiris and Isis. Following the rise in popularity of the Osiris Myth, Horus the Younger became one of the most important gods in Egypt. In the story, after Osiris is murdered by his brother Set, Horus is raised by his mother in the Delta swamps. When he comes of age he battles his uncle for the kingdom and wins, restoring order to the land.

The kings of Egypt, with some exceptions, all linked themselves with Horus in life and with Osiris in death. The king was thought to be the living incarnation of Horus and, through him, the god gave all good things to his people. He is usually depicted as a man with the head of a hawk but is represented by many different images. His symbols are the Eye of Horus and the hawk. Hu - God of the spoken word, personification of the first word spoken by Atum Ra at the dawn of creation which brought all into being. Linked with Sia and Heka. Sia represented the heart, Hu the tongue, and Heka their underlying force which gave them their power.

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Hu is often seen as a representation of the power of Heka or Atum and is depicted in funerary texts guiding the soul to the afterlife. In the story of the creation of the world, Atum is angered by the intimate relationship between Geb earth and Nut sky and so separates them, declaring that Nut may not give birth to her children on any day of the year.

The god Thoth appeared and gambled with Iah for five days worth of moonlight. He won and divided the moonlight hours into days which, because they were not part of the days of the year decreed by Atum, Nut could give birth in.

The Egyptians regulated their calendar with these five magical days. Iah was eventually absorbed into the god Khonsu. Iabet presided over the eastern deserts and, in time, came to personify them. She was also known as "Cleanser of Ra" who bathed the sun before it appeared in the dawn sky and personified the freshness of the morning sun.

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  • She was eventually absorbed into Isis. Ihy - God of music and joy, specifically the music of the sistrum. Son of Hathor and Horus the Elder. He was worshipped with Hathor at Dendera and invoked at festivals. His birth is honored in wall inscriptions at birth houses in Dendera in the belief that joy and music should welcome children to earth at their birth. Depicted as a child with a sistrum. Imhotep - The vizier of king Djoser c. He lived c. His name means "He Who Comes in Peace" and, after his death, he was deified as a god of wisdom and medicine. He was identified by the Greeks with Aesculapius and was invoked in spells for healing.

    His medical treatises claimed, against convential belief, that disease was natural in origin and not a punishment from the gods. Imsety - A protector god, one of the Four Sons of Horus who protected the canopic jar holding the liver. He presided over the south, had the form of a human male, and was watched over by Isis. She is depicted as a hippopotamus or a combination of hippo, crocodile, human female, and lion, most often with a lion's head, hippo's body, human arms, lion feet.

    Which of the Ancient Egyptian Gods Were the Most Important?

    She was known as "Mistress of Magical Protection" and is first referenced in the Pyramid Texts as protecting and nourishing the king. Ishtar - The Mesopotamian goddess of love, sexuality, and war. She was originally Inanna of the Sumerians and Akkadians, who became Ishtar to the Assyrians and influenced the development of other similar goddesses such as Aphrodite of the Greeks, Astarte of the Phoenicians , Hathor of the Egyptians, and Sauska of the Hittites, among others.

    She was probably first introduced to Egypt through trade in the Early Dynastic Period c. Isis - The most powerful and popular goddess in Egyptian history. She was associated with virtually every aspect of human life and, in time, became elevated to the position of supreme deity, "Mother of the Gods", who cared for her fellow deities as she did for human beings. Her Egyptian name, Eset, means "Goddess of the Throne" because of her association with the monarch.

    She cared for people in life and appeared to them after death to help guide them safely to paradise.

    Terms & Concepts

    During the time of the Roman Empire , she was worshipped in every corner of their realm from Britain through Europe to Anatolia. The Cult of Isis was the strongest opponent of the new religion of Christianity between the 4th-6th centuries CE, and iconography, as well as tenets of belief, of the Isis cult were incorporated into the new faith.

    Isis-Eutheria - A later Greek version of Isis worshipped in Egypt whose tears, when she mourned for Osiris, were thought to cause the inundation of the Nile River. Iusaaset - A very early Mother Goddess referred to as "Grandmother of the Gods" and linked to Atum at the creation of the world. She is depicted in the Early Dynastic Period c. She was known as "Lady of the Acacia", an epithet later attributed to Hathor.

    She was known to the Greeks as Saosis. Iw - A creation goddess worshipped at Heliopolis associated with Hathor and Atum, combining the qualities of Hathor, Nebet, and Hetepet. She provided pure, cool water to the souls of the deceased as they awaited judgment in the Hall of Truth. She was associated with Nephthys as a friend of the dead. Kagemni - A vizier to the king Sneferu c. The book was considered so important it was required instruction for children of the monarchy. He was deified after death and worshipped as a god of wisdom. Kek and Kauket - Gods of obscurity and night, members of the original Ogdoad of Hermopolis.

    Kek was the god of the hours before dawn and was known as "Bringer-in-of-the-Light" as he guided the sun barge of the god Ra toward the sky from the underworld. Kauket, his feminine balance, was depicted as a woman with the head of a serpent also called "Bringer-in-of-the-Darkness" who presided over the hours of twilight when the sun was setting and guided the sun barge into the underworld.